If the domestic mobile phone Soc, Huawei Kirin, Ziguang Zhanrui, and even MediaTek, these three major brands can compete with the world’s top Qualcomm, Samsung, and Apple.
Well, in the field of domestic CPU, there are not many who have reached the world’s top level. Although there are 6 major brands, such as Loongson, Zhaoxin, Shenwei, Feiteng, Huawei Kunpeng, and Haiguang, in the field of CPU, it is necessary to compare with INTEL/AMD , is still a little far off.
Why do domestic CPUs lag behind so much? Many people think that on the one hand, there are problems with the level of chip design, as well as the level of chip manufacturing, as well as instruction sets, IP cores, etc. Domestic CPUs can be said to be lost after Hanxin’s counterfeiting. 20 years.
But in fact, in my opinion, the root cause of the backwardness of domestic CPUs is the domestic operating system, which cannot compete with windows. If there is a domestic system that can compete with windows, or windows can support domestic CPUs, then domestic CPUs will not. so far behind.
In fact, if we look at the entire computer ecology, we will understand that the instruction set of a chip is actually a set of software, which is located between the chip and the operating system.
If the chip uses the “hardware language”, then the operating system uses the “software language”, and the function of the instruction set can be understood as the “translator” between the two.
Therefore, the instruction set is strongly bound to the chip and the operating system. For example, the X86 instruction of INTEL is bound to windows, forming the WINTEL alliance, and the ARM instruction set and Android are bound to form the AA alliance.
What about domestic CPUs? Whether it is Loongson’s MIPS or Shenwei’s Alpha, Windows cannot be installed, but only a domestic operating system modified based on linux, and the ecology of linux is not perfect compared to windows.
As for Huawei Kunpeng and Feiteng, which are based on ARM architecture, they cannot install Windows. Although Zhaoxin and Haiguang use the X86 architecture, they started late and the authorization is not complete.
Therefore, none of the hardware + software ecology of domestic CPUs can compete with windows, which leads to these CPUs, unable to enter the general consumer market with the greatest demand, and can only cut into some marginal small markets.
In this way, a positive cycle cannot be formed, then it will be far behind the international top level in terms of technology, management, talents, as well as products, ecology, and market share.
With the continuous development of chip technology, the further back, the more funds are invested, which will increase the pressure of competition for domestic CPUs.
So from a certain point of view, if the domestic CPU wants to rise, there must be a domestic operating system that has a strong binding relationship with the domestic instruction set, and it can reach the level of competing with windows. ,too difficult.