People’s Daily: Where is the new infrastructure, and where should we start?

During his inspection in Zhejiang, General Secretary Xi Jinping emphasized that it is necessary to seize the opportunities given by industrial digitization and digital industrialization to accelerate the construction of new infrastructure such as 5G networks and data centers. This year’s “Government Work Report” proposed that one of the priorities for expanding effective investment is to strengthen the construction of new infrastructure.

What is “new infrastructure”? A few days ago, the National Development and Reform Commission clarified the scope. The new infrastructure is guided by new development concepts, driven by technological innovation, based on information networks, and facing the needs of high-quality development, providing digital transformation, intelligent upgrades, and integration and innovation. An infrastructure system of services such as innovation . Specifically, it includes three aspects: information infrastructure, fusion infrastructure, and innovation infrastructure.

Compared with traditional infrastructure construction, what is new about new infrastructure? Boosting the new infrastructure into the fast lane, where should we start? The reporter interviewed relevant experts.

Information infrastructure highlights “new technology”, and 5G construction ranks at the forefront

“Information infrastructure is mainly reflected in ‘new technology’.” Feng Yuan, deputy director of the Industrial Economics Institute of the National Industrial Information Security Development Research Center, said that 5G, Internet of Things, industrial Internet, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and big data are all new generation Information technology, relying on the evolution of these information technologies, is an infrastructure with social publicity, long-term effects, and indirect benefits, that is, information infrastructure.

Taking 5G network as an example, its transmission rate is 10-100 times that of 4G, which can transmit larger-scale data at high speed and low latency, and connect larger-scale devices. As an important engine of the digital economy, it is an important support for the development of new industries such as artificial intelligence, industrial Internet, and online economy.

my country’s 5G commercialization is accelerating, and more than 200,000 5G base stations have been opened. Li Yizhong, president of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, said that this year, we must vigorously speed up the progress. In the key project plans for 2020 announced by Shanghai, Guangdong and other provinces and cities, 5G communication and base station construction are at the forefront.

It should be seen that with the rapid development of new-generation information technologies such as 5G, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence, the demand for huge computing power will further increase. There are nearly 60,000, and they need to be supplemented and integrated appropriately. This also allows the data center to be incorporated into the information infrastructure as an important component.

Not long ago, China Mobile Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Huizhou) data center project officially settled in Huidong Moling Industrial Zone, Huizhou. The project plans to invest 5 billion yuan and covers an area of ​​200 acres. After completion, it will provide 32,000 installed capacity and become the highest standard data center in the region. The relevant person in charge of China Mobile said, “The completion of this data center will enhance the computing power required for the development of 5G in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and at the same time meet the demand for network storage throughput in the 5G era, and help high-tech such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things. industry.”

Converged infrastructure focuses on “new applications”, while innovative infrastructure emphasizes “new foundations”

In Feng Yuan’s view, the deep application of big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies to the transformation and upgrading of traditional infrastructure to form a converged infrastructure is mainly reflected in “new applications”.

“The digitization of traditional industries requires corresponding infrastructure.” Li Yizhong introduced the transportation industry as an example. More than 8,000 kilometers of expressways were added last year. The road conditions, signals, and communications of new highways must have higher technical standards. Intelligent network connection function.

At present, many areas in my country are building “smart highways”. On the one hand, 5G communication technology equipment is installed to support automatic driving. On the other hand, electric vehicles can be charged while running through road photovoltaic power generation and wireless charging. Highways and bridges can autonomously perceive the running status and issue safety warnings.

Similar converged infrastructure is accelerating. A few days ago, a self-driving taxi service was officially opened to the public in Changsha, Hunan. Users only need to open Baidu Maps to enter the taxi service, then they can place an order to call an unmanned car and experience the self-driving travel service.

The new travel experience comes from the transformation of intelligent transportation technology with vehicle-road coordination. Combined with new technologies such as the Internet of Things, 5G and artificial intelligence, the road scene is digitized, and the traffic light countdown and road condition perception results are obtained in real time, so that “smart cars” and “smart roads” are organically linked. In addition to Changsha, Baidu is carrying out self-driving manned tests in Beijing, Cangzhou and other places.

If the convergent infrastructure focuses on application, then the innovative infrastructure is reflected in the “foundation new”.

In Feng Yuan’s view, innovation infrastructure mainly refers to infrastructure with public welfare attributes that supports scientific research, technology development, and product development, and its outstanding feature is innovation. “Whether it is major technological infrastructure or industrial technological innovation infrastructure, it is more inclined to the field of basic science and technology.”

Taking major scientific and technological infrastructure as an example, the “Brain Cognitive Function Atlas and Brain-like Intelligence Cross Research Platform Project” jointly built by the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Biophysics held a groundbreaking ceremony in Huairou, Beijing. After the platform is completed, it will provide a one-stop research platform covering research, technology, simulation, verification and other links in the intersection of brain science and brain-like intelligence, and provide long-term support for promoting the rapid development of my country’s artificial intelligence industry.

The radiation effect of new infrastructure is stronger, which requires scientific planning and classified policies

If it is said that the traditional infrastructure construction based on railways, highways, bridges and other constructions is oriented towards the era of industrial economy, then the construction of new infrastructure with information, integration and innovation as the core connotation is oriented towards the era of digital economy.

“Compared with traditional infrastructure construction, new infrastructure construction has stronger incremental space and radiation driving effect.” Zhou Zhongfeng, director of the General Office of the Industrial Economic Research Center of the China Federation of Industry and Economics, explained that on the one hand, the new infrastructure has inherited the traditional infrastructural construction. The function of cyclically stable growth, and the construction of digital economy public facilities is included, which has a more significant effect on the economy. Statistics show that the multiplier effect of high-speed rail construction investment on driving related industries is about 3 times, while the multiplier effect of 5G, artificial intelligence, industrial Internet and other new generation information technologies is as high as 6 times.

Zhou Zhongfeng said that, on the other hand, the new infrastructure is based on new development concepts and pays more attention to the long-term social effects of adjusting the structure, promoting innovation and making up for shortcomings. Once a first-mover advantage is established in the new round of global technological revolution and industrial revolution, it will seize the future. Industry development initiative.

The east wind of new infrastructure has come, how can we help it enter the “fast lane” of development in an orderly manner?

——Mining data value and speeding up data sharing.

During the epidemic prevention and control period, the “broken chain” of upstream raw material supply made it difficult for Hikvision, a large enterprise with an annual turnover of 50 billion yuan, to resume production. When the person in charge of the company was at a loss, relying on the power big data widely collected by the Energy Internet, the State Grid Hangzhou Power Supply Company applied the “Enterprise Resumption Power Index” to conduct a survey by region and industry, with more than 4 million daily analysis data, accurately locking the industry chain The “breakpoint” on the company has successfully provided accessories for the production of infrared thermometers, helping enterprises to resume work and production.

“China is already one of the countries with the richest data resources, and data plays a prominent role in improving the production efficiency of all walks of life.” Liu Song, vice president of Alibaba Group, believes that the concept of data as a factor of production should be strengthened to enhance the value of new infrastructure data elements . At the same time, it will accelerate the open sharing of data and effectively empower the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry.

——Effective collaboration and linkage to avoid swarming.

“We should speed up the introduction of the implementation rules for new infrastructure construction to form a national game of chess.” Zhou Zhongfeng believes that it is necessary to scientifically plan and classify policies according to the development conditions of different regions and the maturity of technology development in different industries, so as to effectively avoid repeated construction and immature industrial technologies. The problem of low-end development of high-end industries caused by too advanced layout.

——Do a good job of forecasting demand and stabilize the source of funds.

New infrastructure construction projects generally have the characteristics of long construction period and slow return on investment. Li Yutao, an associate researcher at the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomics, believes that if innovation infrastructure emphasizes public welfare, it means that more government intervention is needed, and government investment is the mainstay. To this end, while ensuring the advanced and reliable technology, we should do a good job of forecasting market demand, and be appropriately ahead but within our capabilities.

“We must do a good job of policy guidance and stabilize the source of funds for construction with proactive fiscal, taxation and financial policies.” Li Yizhong also suggested that the construction of new infrastructure, especially the construction of information and integration infrastructure, should be more open to private capital.

In addition, Zhou Zhongfeng suggested that we should encourage and support scientific and technological enterprises to establish themselves in the field of new infrastructure. On the one hand, we should cultivate and strengthen original innovation capabilities and continuously increase the intensity of R&D investment; on the other hand, we should support enterprises to actively expand downstream applications such as 5G, artificial intelligence and big data. Fields, including Internet of Vehicles, intelligent manufacturing, remote office, smart city, etc., seize development opportunities to expand and strengthen the industry.

What is “new infrastructure”? A few days ago, the National Development and Reform Commission clarified the scope. The new infrastructure is guided by new development concepts, driven by technological innovation, based on information networks, and facing the needs of high-quality development, providing digital transformation, intelligent upgrades, and integration and innovation. An infrastructure system of services such as innovation . Specifically, it includes three aspects: information infrastructure, fusion infrastructure, and innovation infrastructure.

Compared with traditional infrastructure construction, what is new about new infrastructure? Boosting the new infrastructure into the fast lane, where should we start? The reporter interviewed relevant experts.

Information infrastructure highlights “new technology”, and 5G construction ranks at the forefront

“Information infrastructure is mainly reflected in ‘new technology’.” Feng Yuan, deputy director of the Industrial Economics Institute of the National Industrial Information Security Development Research Center, said that 5G, Internet of Things, industrial Internet, artificial intelligence, cloud computing, and big data are all new generation Information technology, relying on the evolution of these information technologies, is an infrastructure with social publicity, long-term effects, and indirect benefits, that is, information infrastructure.

Taking 5G network as an example, its transmission rate is 10-100 times that of 4G, which can transmit larger-scale data at high speed and low latency, and connect larger-scale devices. As an important engine of the digital economy, it is an important support for the development of new industries such as artificial intelligence, industrial Internet, and online economy.

my country’s 5G commercialization is accelerating, and more than 200,000 5G base stations have been opened. Li Yizhong, president of the China Federation of Industrial Economics, said that this year, we must vigorously speed up the progress. In the key project plans for 2020 announced by Shanghai, Guangdong and other provinces and cities, 5G communication and base station construction are at the forefront.

It should be seen that with the rapid development of new-generation information technologies such as 5G, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence, the demand for huge computing power will further increase. There are nearly 60,000, and they need to be supplemented and integrated appropriately. This also allows the data center to be incorporated into the information infrastructure as an important component.

Not long ago, China Mobile Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Huizhou) data center project officially settled in Huidong Moling Industrial Zone, Huizhou. The project plans to invest 5 billion yuan and covers an area of ​​200 acres. After completion, it will provide 32,000 installed capacity and become the highest standard data center in the region. The relevant person in charge of China Mobile said, “The completion of this data center will enhance the computing power required for the development of 5G in the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area, and at the same time meet the demand for network storage throughput in the 5G era, and help high-tech such as artificial intelligence and the Internet of Things. industry.”

Converged infrastructure focuses on “new applications”, while innovative infrastructure emphasizes “new foundations”

In Feng Yuan’s view, the deep application of big data, artificial intelligence and other technologies to the transformation and upgrading of traditional infrastructure to form a converged infrastructure is mainly reflected in “new applications”.

“The digitization of traditional industries requires corresponding infrastructure.” Li Yizhong introduced the transportation industry as an example. More than 8,000 kilometers of expressways were added last year. The road conditions, signals, and communications of new highways must have higher technical standards. Intelligent network connection function.

At present, many areas in my country are building “smart highways”. On the one hand, 5G communication technology equipment is installed to support automatic driving. On the other hand, electric vehicles can be charged while running through road photovoltaic power generation and wireless charging. Highways and bridges can autonomously perceive the running status and issue safety warnings.

Similar converged infrastructure is accelerating. A few days ago, a self-driving taxi service was officially opened to the public in Changsha, Hunan. Users only need to open Baidu Maps to enter the taxi service, then they can place an order to call an unmanned car and experience the self-driving travel service.

The new travel experience comes from the transformation of intelligent transportation technology with vehicle-road coordination. Combined with new technologies such as the Internet of Things, 5G and artificial intelligence, the road scene is digitized, and the traffic light countdown and road condition perception results are obtained in real time, so that “smart cars” and “smart roads” are organically linked. In addition to Changsha, Baidu is carrying out self-driving manned tests in Beijing, Cangzhou and other places.

If the convergent infrastructure focuses on application, then the innovative infrastructure is reflected in the “foundation new”.

In Feng Yuan’s view, innovation infrastructure mainly refers to infrastructure with public welfare attributes that supports scientific research, technology development, and product development, and its outstanding feature is innovation. “Whether it is major technological infrastructure or industrial technological innovation infrastructure, it is more inclined to the field of basic science and technology.”

Taking major scientific and technological infrastructure as an example, the “Brain Cognitive Function Atlas and Brain-like Intelligence Cross Research Platform Project” jointly built by the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Biophysics held a groundbreaking ceremony in Huairou, Beijing. After the platform is completed, it will provide a one-stop research platform covering research, technology, simulation, verification and other links in the intersection of brain science and brain-like intelligence, and provide long-term support for promoting the rapid development of my country’s artificial intelligence industry.

The radiation effect of new infrastructure is stronger, which requires scientific planning and classified policies

If it is said that the traditional infrastructure construction based on railways, highways, bridges and other constructions is oriented towards the era of industrial economy, then the construction of new infrastructure with information, integration and innovation as the core connotation is oriented towards the era of digital economy.

“Compared with traditional infrastructure construction, new infrastructure construction has stronger incremental space and radiation driving effect.” Zhou Zhongfeng, director of the General Office of the Industrial Economic Research Center of the China Federation of Industry and Economics, explained that on the one hand, the new infrastructure has inherited the traditional infrastructural construction. The function of cyclically stable growth, and the construction of digital economy public facilities is included, which has a more significant effect on the economy. Statistics show that the multiplier effect of high-speed rail construction investment on driving related industries is about 3 times, while the multiplier effect of 5G, artificial intelligence, industrial Internet and other new generation information technologies is as high as 6 times.

Zhou Zhongfeng said that, on the other hand, the new infrastructure is based on new development concepts and pays more attention to the long-term social effects of adjusting the structure, promoting innovation and making up for shortcomings. Once a first-mover advantage is established in the new round of global technological revolution and industrial revolution, it will seize the future. Industry development initiative.

The east wind of new infrastructure has come, how can we help it enter the “fast lane” of development in an orderly manner?

——Mining data value and speeding up data sharing.

During the epidemic prevention and control period, the “broken chain” of upstream raw material supply made it difficult for Hikvision, a large enterprise with an annual turnover of 50 billion yuan, to resume production. When the person in charge of the company was at a loss, relying on the power big data widely collected by the Energy Internet, the State Grid Hangzhou Power Supply Company applied the “Enterprise Resumption Power Index” to conduct a survey by region and industry, with more than 4 million daily analysis data, accurately locking the industry chain The “breakpoint” on the company has successfully provided accessories for the production of infrared thermometers, helping enterprises to resume work and production.

“China is already one of the countries with the richest data resources, and data plays a prominent role in improving the production efficiency of all walks of life.” Liu Song, vice president of Alibaba Group, believes that the concept of data as a factor of production should be strengthened to enhance the value of new infrastructure data elements . At the same time, it will accelerate the open sharing of data and effectively empower the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry.

——Effective collaboration and linkage to avoid swarming.

“We should speed up the introduction of the implementation rules for new infrastructure construction to form a national game of chess.” Zhou Zhongfeng believes that it is necessary to scientifically plan and classify policies according to the development conditions of different regions and the maturity of technology development in different industries, so as to effectively avoid repeated construction and immature industrial technologies. The problem of low-end development of high-end industries caused by too advanced layout.

——Do a good job of forecasting demand and stabilize the source of funds.

New infrastructure construction projects generally have the characteristics of long construction period and slow return on investment. Li Yutao, an associate researcher at the Comprehensive Transportation Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomics, believes that if innovation infrastructure emphasizes public welfare, it means that more government intervention is needed, and government investment is the mainstay. To this end, while ensuring the advanced and reliable technology, we should do a good job of forecasting market demand, and be appropriately ahead but within our capabilities.

“We must do a good job of policy guidance and stabilize the source of funds for construction with proactive fiscal, taxation and financial policies.” Li Yizhong also suggested that the construction of new infrastructure, especially the construction of information and integration infrastructure, should be more open to private capital.

In addition, Zhou Zhongfeng suggested that we should encourage and support scientific and technological enterprises to establish themselves in the field of new infrastructure. On the one hand, we should cultivate and strengthen original innovation capabilities and continuously increase the intensity of R&D investment; on the other hand, we should support enterprises to actively expand downstream applications such as 5G, artificial intelligence and big data. Fields, including Internet of Vehicles, intelligent manufacturing, remote office, smart city, etc., seize development opportunities to expand and strengthen the industry.

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