During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, my country systematically promoted basic research and key core technology research, and scientific and technological achievements accelerated into the main economic and social battlefield.
As a major application of artificial intelligence, autonomous driving is like the “head goose” of a new round of technological change, promoting the intelligent upgrade of China’s transportation industry and the improvement of people’s travel experience.
From October 21st to 27th, at the National “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” Scientific and Technological Innovation Achievement Exhibition, the autonomous driving research and development and implementation achievements of domestic artificial intelligence technology companies attracted the attention of the general public.
Self-driving technology facilitates production and life
The “Thirteenth Five-Year” National Strategic Emerging Industry Development Plan (hereinafter referred to as the “Plan”) pointed out that it is necessary to accelerate the application and innovation of intelligent technology for electric vehicles and develop intelligent self-driving vehicles.
In the past five years, my country’s autonomous driving and smart car industries have developed rapidly, realizing the comprehensive implementation from technology research and development to application, which has facilitated people’s production and life.
During the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, with the support of relevant national industrial policies, China’s autonomous driving industry and smart car industry have accelerated to mature.
Among them, the “Vehicle-Road Collaboration” development route represented by Baidu has put forward a unique solution for large-scale implementation of autonomous driving in China, and gradually formed an industrial chain such as hardware production such as autonomous driving chips, R&D of technical solutions, and vehicle manufacturing. The ecological full coverage has laid the foundation for technological independence.
It is understood that as an important support for the “Autonomous Driving National New Generation Artificial Intelligence Open Innovation Platform”, the Baidu Apollo open source platform connects developers upwards and develops basic software and hardware platforms downwards, covering autonomous driving, intelligent transportation, and automotive intelligence. The large business segment has been fully implemented in application scenarios such as retail, manned, cleaning, patrolling tracks, and mining.
It is determined that autonomous driving technology is the top engineering of artificial intelligence, which will completely change human travel and life.
“The government has solved the traffic problem from the top-level design.” Robin Li, chairman and CEO of Baidu, said that we need to find optimal solutions for traffic safety, traffic congestion, carbon emissions and other issues.
Cars will become a new terminal to serve the people
At the National “Thirteenth Five-Year” Science and Technology Innovation Achievement Exhibition, Baidu interpreted its judgment on the future development of automobiles with “automobile robots”.
In Baidu’s view, the car will be an important scene and terminal for artificial intelligence to serve the people, and the mainstream robot form in the future is the car robot.
It is difficult to realize full unmanned driving in any scenario in the short term. During the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period, what kind of realization path has Baidu established?
Li Yanhong introduced that Baidu is a typical engineering thinking in the practice and technology implementation of the autonomous driving industry. First realize autonomous driving in some scenarios, and gradually expand the geographical scope, so as to move towards L5-level fully autonomous driving.
Once the technology landing route has been determined, how can more people enjoy the benefits of autonomous driving technology?
Zhu Xichan, a professor at the School of Automotive Engineering of Tongji University, said that the transformation of the global automobile industry has become more and more clear. The value system of traditional internal combustion engine vehicles is collapsing, and a new value system around “future cars” is being rebuilt.
Zhu Xichan believes that the core value of “future car” is intelligent driving, driverless taxis are the Everest of intelligent driving, and those who reach the top will become the kings of the next smart car century.
Robin Li introduced that Baidu’s self-driving travel service platform “Robotaxi” has been put into operation in five cities including Beijing, Guangzhou, Changsha, Cangzhou and Shanghai, providing self-driving travel services for more than 400,000 people. It is estimated that by 2023, the “Carrot Run” self-driving travel service will cover 30 cities and serve 3 million users.
In-vehicle operating system lays the “foundation”
As the most critical core of the complete in-vehicle system, the intelligent driving operating system is like the heart of the next generation of intelligent cars, and the chips and intelligent driving algorithm applications are connected by it. However, the foreign closed-source system QNX controls more than 90% of the global vehicle control operating system market.
The Zebra Zhixing Intelligent Cockpit Operating System (Roshen Intelligent Cockpit System) exhibited at the National “Thirteenth Five-Year” Science and Technology Innovation Achievement Exhibition has changed this situation.
According to Hong Jue, product director of Banma Zhixing, Banma Zhixing released the self-developed AliOS intelligent driving system kernel with the highest product safety certification in the world not long ago. .
Hong Jue said: “The vehicle control operating system is the basis for realizing the driving function and power of the vehicle, and it belongs to the key underlying technology of the vehicle. The research and development of the core is the basic research and the soul of the system. It requires a large number of professionals to invest for a long time. See the return. QNX has invested in this field for 40 years, and currently only a few domestic companies continue to invest.”
It is understood that Banma Zhixing has self-developed AliOS operating system with more than 100 million lines of code, and has applied for more than 2,000 patents, covering more than 2 million smart car users. The pace of new technologies to benefit the public is still accelerating.
Driving is no longer a hard task, but a new experience of human-vehicle collaboration and free switching.